Chinese New Year celebrations were born out of fear and myth. Legend spoke of the wild beast Nien (which also is the word for “year”) that appeared at the end of each year, attacking and killing villagers. Loud noises and bright lights were used to scare the beast away, and the Chinese New Year celebrations were born.
Today, the 15-day New Year festivities are celebrated with a week of vacation in metropolitan areas of China. Much like the Western New Year (January 1st), the biggest celebration is on the eve of the holiday. At the turn of the new year, firework displays are put on throughout the city.
Aside from New Year’s Eve, there are other important days of the 15-day New Year Festival, including:
JIE CAI CENG: Welcoming the Gods of Wealth and Prosperity
On the 5th day of New Year’s, it is believed that the gods of prosperity come down from the heavens. Businesses will often participate in setting off firecrackers as they believe it will bring them prosperity and good fortune for their business.
YUAN XIAO JIE: Festival of Lanterns
The 15th day of the New Year is known as The Festival of Lanterns and marks the end of the Chinese New Year celebrations. All types of lanterns are lit throughout the streets and often poems and riddles are often written for entertainment. There are also paper lanterns on wheels created in the form of either a rabbit or the animal of the year (Pig for 2007). The rabbit lantern stems from a Chinese myth or fairytale about a female goddess named “Chang E” who jumped onto the moon. So she wouldn’t travel alone, she brough a rabbit with her to keep her company. It is said that if your heart is pure enough, you can see the goddess Chang E and her rabbit on the moon on this day.
Called “hong bao” in Mandarin, the red envelopes filled with money are typically only given to children or unmarried adults with no job. If you’re single and working and making money, you still have to give the younger ones the hong bao money. The color red denotes good luck/fortune and happiness/abundance in the Chinese Culture and is often worn or used for decoration in other celebrations.
The Dragon is present in many Chinese cultural celebrations as the Chinese people often think of themselves as descendants of the mythical creature. On the fifth day of the New Year when many people have to start going back to work, they will also have the Dancing Dragons perform in the front of the office building. On the 15th day of the New Year (Yuan Xiao Jie), they will also have a lot of dancing dragon performances. The dragon represents prosperity, good luck and good fortune.
The Chinese New Year’s Eve meal is the most important dinner of the year. Typically, families gather at a designated relative’s house for dinner, but these days, many families often celebrate New Year’s Eve dinner at a restaurant. Many restaurants require reservations months in advance. There are also some families that hire a professional chef to come cook at their house. Chefs are often busy running from one home to another cooking dinners for different families on New Year’s Eve.
Chinese New Year is a 15-day celebration and each day, many families rotate celebrations between homes of their relatives. The festivies are day-long and sometimes, a family ends up cooking two meals for their relatives, once at lunch and once at dinner. These dishes used to be all made from scratch, but now people can easily buy them prepackaged at the supermarkets.
- Eight Treasures Rice (contains glutinous rice, walnuts, different colored dry fruit, raisins, sweet red bean paste, jujube dates, and almonds).
- “Tang Yuan” – black sesame rice ball soup; or a Won Ton soup.
- Chicken, duck, fish and pork dishes.
- “Song Gao”, literally translates to “loose cake”- which is made of rice which has been coursely ground and then formed into a small, sweet round cake.
- “Jiu Niang Tang” – sweet wine-rice soup which contains small glutinous rice balls
Happy Chinese New Year, everyone! You’ve probably been made aware, in one way or another, that Chinese New Year has kicked off today but you might not know the reasons why they have a different calendar – or what animal it is the year of this time round!
When is Chinese New Year 2017?
Chinese New Year 2017 – the Year of the Rooster – will be marked across the world today, Saturday January 28, with many festivities beginning last night.
Celebrations will continue until the Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first Chinese lunar month – February 11.
The date is dictated by the Chinese lunar calendar which is organised around the movements of the moon, and differs each year. Usually it falls between January 21 and February 20.
The Chinese zodiac denotes one of 12 animals to each new year.
The Year of the Rooster lasts until February 15, 2018.
What is this year’s animal?
The Year of the Rooster takes over from the Year of the Monkey.
Babies who will be born in the new year, as well as those born in 1957, are fire roosters – said to be trustworthy and responsible with a good sense of timekeeping.
Roosters are said to be the most motivated animal in the Chinese zodiac and always put their careers first.
Babies born this year will be well suited to becoming a journalist, soldier or surgeon – according to traditional beliefs.
How is Chinese New Year celebrated?
Families will wear brand new clothes, usually head-to-toe in red, to symbolise a new beginning and to ward off bad fortune.
Red envelopes containing money are often exchanged to scare away evil spirits.
The amount given must be an even number as odd numbers are associated with funerals.
2016 was the Year of the Monkey
Firework displays will usher in the new year
The number four should not be given because its homophone sounds like death.
To mark the new year grand fireworks displays will be held and Chinese people will set off firecrackers for several days.
The loud bangs are thought to ward off bad spirits.
College Open Days are a big thing for anyone. There are a lot of important decisions that need to be made about the incoming tide of the future, with a lot of people in the same boat. You’ve got all your course and general college information to take in but so has everybody else. You need to make the right decision for you and focus solely on your own decision.
Here are a few things that will help you to make the most of your day, whilst making it a little quicker and easier.
When is it?
Our next Open Day is on the 20th November 2017; starting at 3.30pm and finishing at 7.00pm. All four of our main campuses – City, Hillsborough, Peaks and Olive Grove – will be open on the night.
How can I register?
If not, don’t worry, we’ll sign you in upon arrival at the college.
What Campus do I need to attend?
At The Sheffield College, different courses live at different campuses. To make sure you get the chance to talk to one of the tutors of the course you are interested in, please consult the list below and attend that campus on the night:
What Support Services are available on the day?
On the day you will also be able to speak to our experts on:
- Careers Advice
- Financial Support
- Maths and English
- SEND (Special Educational Needs and Disabilities)
- Work Experience
How Do I Apply?
We’ve got extra staff working at all four of our campuses to help you apply on the day and support will be on hand whilst you are completing the application – if it’s needed. Just look for the ‘Apply Now’ banner or ask a member of staff to point you in the right direction.
If you don’t want to apply on the day but do when you get home, just visit the course page you’re applying for on our website and follow the ‘Click To Apply’ process.
What If I can’t attend?
If you are unable to attend our Open Day, please give us a ring on 0114 260 2600 as we are able to arrange college tours and chats with the tutors of your chosen course.
How to get to us
For information on how to get to us on the night of the event, please follow this link and click on the appropriate campus: http://www.sheffcol.ac.uk/campuses
If you require anymore information on our Open Days, including further dates, please visit http://www.sheffcol.ac.uk/open-days
Alternatively you can email firstname.lastname@example.org or give us a ring on 0114 260 2600
If you could, would you? It’s a pretty big question that some Scientists have been considering. Obviously those that became extinct did so for a reason, human or otherwise, but the advancing biotechnology could pave the way for a return to the earth…
During their prime, Caspian tigers could be found in Turkey and through much of Central Asia, including Iran and Iraq, and in Northwestern China as well, but they went extinct in the 1960s. Some scientists want to bring them back by reintroducing the nearly-identical Siberian tiger to its old habitats, where they expect it to adapt.
The aurochs is an ancestor of domestic cattle that lived throughout Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Scientists want to bring them back through selective breeding of cattle species that carry some aurochs DNA. To this end, European science teams have been selectively breeding cattle since 2009.
The Carolina Parakeet was a small, green parrot with a bright yellow head and orange face that was native to the eastern United States. The last wild one died in 1904 in Florida, but the genes that made them still linger in close relatives in Mexico and the Caribbean.
The vibrant Cuban macaw lived in Cuba and went extinct in 1885 due to hunting, trading and being captured as pets. Aviculturalists are rumoured to have bred birds that are similar in appearance, but slightly bigger, because they had similar genes.
The dodo is perhaps the most famous extinct animal. It evolved without any natural predators, but the humans that arrived on their home island, Mauritius, took advantage of this and killed them all for food. In 2007, scientists found the best preserved dodo skeleton ever, which may hold valuable DNA samples.
Woolly Mammoth carcasses have been frozen and preserved, which has allowed scientists to access well-preserved DNA. The last isolated population of woolly mammoths lived on Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean until 4,000 years ago, but scientists contest whether we were to blame for their extinction.
The Labrador Duck was always rare but disappeared between 1850 and 1870. Supposedly it didn’t taste good, so it wasn’t hunted extensively for food, but scientists believe we are responsible for their extinction nonetheless. This is why they want to bring them back.
The woolly rhinoceros was common throughout Europe and Asia. It had stocky legs and a thick woolly coat that made it well suited for the cold tundra environment during the ice age. Human hunting is often blamed for their extinction, so scientists want to re-introduce them to make up for it.
The Heath Hen lived in coastal North America up until 1932. They made for delicious dinners, and were likely the foundation of the Pilgrims’ first Thanksgiving. We practically ate them all, which makes them another candidate for de-extinction.
The Ivory-billed Woodpecker lived in “virgin forests” of the southeastern United states, but there hasn’t been a confirmed sighting of the bird since the 1940s. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology even offered a $50,000 reward for someone who could lead researchers to a living specimen.
The Imperial Woodpecker may actually still be alive, but hasn’t been seen in more than 50 years. It is officially listed as “critically endangered (possibly extinct)” because a lot of its habitat was destroyed by humans. If it is extinct, scientists want to bring it back to make up for that.
The Moa were a giant flightless bird from New Zealand that reached 12 feet tall and weighed more than 500 pounds. They died out because of over hunting by the Maori by 1400, and their closest relatives have been found to be the flighted South American tinamous, which could hold some of their genes.
This giant, flightless Elephant bird was found only on the island of Madagascar and died out by the 17th century. It is widely believed that they went extinct as a result of human activity, so we want to make up for that too.
The Pyrenean ibex lived in Southern France and the Northern Pyrenees, but died out in January 2000. Scientists tried to clone one using DNA from one of the last females, but it died shortly after being born.
This extinct species of plains Zebra, the Quagga, once lived in South Africa. The last wild one was shot in 1870 and the last in captivity died in 1883. The Quagga Project, started in 1987, is an attempt to bring them back from extinction.
This freshwater dolphin is known as the Baiji and lived in the Yangtze River in China. It was declared extinct a decade ago, but scientists claimed to spot one in the river late last year. If some still are alive, conservation efforts will attempt to bring their populations up again.
The Thylacine, or Tasmanian Tiger, is the only marsupial to make the list. It’s also probably not like any other marsupial you can name. It lived in Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea until the 1960s when it died out, but Tasmanian devils may carry some of its DNA.
Irish elks were one of the largest deer ever to walk the Earth. The most recent remains of the species have been carbon dated to about 7,700 years ago in Siberia. Red deer or fallow deer might have some similar genes.
The Huia was a large species of New Zealand wattlebird. It went extinct in the 20th century because of hunting to make specimens for museums and private collectors. The female had a long, curved beak, while the male’s was shorter. Very little is known about their actual biology, so bringing them back would be fascinating.
The Moho are a genus of extinct birds from Hawaii. Most of them died out because of habitat loss and hunting. The Hawaiian Moho seen here died out in 1934, but some birds like waxwings and the palmchat might carry remnants of their DNA.
With so many pigeons around, it’s hard to imagine a species going extinct. But that’s what happened to the passenger pigeons, which died out after living in enormous flocks throughout the 20th century. It was hunted as food for slaves on a massive scale until the last one died in 1914. Passenger pigeons have several living relatives, including the 17 pigeons in the group Patagioenas.
This is the gastric-brooding frog, which swallowed its eggs and hatched them out of its mouth. It became extinct in 1983, but in 2013, scientists were able to implant a “dead” cell nucleus into a fresh egg from another frog species.
The Great Auk went extinct in the mid-19th century. They lived in the North Atlantic from Northern Spain through Canada. They died off because of a combination of climate changes during the Little Ice Age that brought predatory polar bears into their territories, and human hunting. So again, partially our fault.
People always have something to complain about. Whether they’re in the right, or in the wrong, there’s always something. Adverts often get backs up, maybe borne out of frustration of your programme being interrupted. But of course, sometimes they are genuinely offensive! Here’s 2016’s most complained about ads (Moneysupermarket, what have you been doing?!)
5. Paddy Power – 450 complaints. This ad was one of the most complained about ads in 2010, getting over 1,000 complaints. It aired again in 2016. Complaints were that the ad encouraged animal cruelty and was harmful towards blind people, but those were dismissed.
4. Moneysupermarket.com – 530 complaints. This “Epic Squads” ad featured a dance-off between a construction worker and an office worker in high heels in an underground car park. The complaints argued it was overly sexual and offensive because the ad featured two homosexuals together. The complaints were dismissed.
3. Match.com – 896 complaints. The ad showed a female couple coming home after work and kissing while taking off each others’ clothes. People thought the ad was overtly sexual and was inappropriately scheduled. The complaints were not upheld since a scheduling restriction had been put in place to prevent it from being shown around children’s programs.
2. Moneysupermarket.com – 898 complaints. The ad featured a group of construction workers in a dance off with another group of men dressed in high heels and denim hot pants. People complained the ad was overtly sexual and could be considered homophobic. The complaints were dismissed.
1. Moneysupermarket.com Ltd – 1,063 complaints. Viewers found the dance moves in the ad to be overly sexual and not suitable to children. The complaints were dismissed.
We’re not going to stick the videos on, but no doubt you’ll be able to find the easily for a point of reference. This is the way Marketing is going these days. A real thin line between offending hundreds and going viral. Our Business course incorporates the latest Marketing methods so you won’t land yourself in any bother. Click here for more…
2016 has been announced as the hottest year on record. Sounds slightly far-fetched based on the amount of the wet stuff we had last year, but whilst you might think it’s a positive, is it actually?
Climate scientists around the world just announced that 2016 is the warmest year on record, beating out 2015 and 2014 for the dubious distinction.
The temperature milestone means that 16 of the 17 warmest years on record have now occurred since 2001, with each of the past three years setting global heat records.
It’s all well and good to say that 2016 was the hottest year on record, but to put that figure into context, you need decades of data.
On Wednesday, NASA and media outlets (including Mashable) released graphics to do exactly that by showing exactly how 2016 eclipsed other years to become Earth’s hottest year on record.
The graphics below help drive that grim reality home:
NASA’s record warm years animation
NASA scientists released the above animation showing the long-term warming trend, with record warm years listed on the right hand side.
This graphic makes clear that 2016 exceeded past years by a considerable amount, owing to NASA’s inclusion of Arctic temperature data. The Arctic was record warm during 2016, scientists have found, with record low sea ice and other widespread environmental changes.
Decadal Temperature Trends
This temperature chart, based on NASA data, shows temperature deviation from the 1951-1980 average per decade.
It illustrates that climate change has accelerated in recent decades, with the current decade ranking as the warmest so far, though that could change if there are several unusually cold years from now through 2020.
Temperature anomalies show a world turning red
Both NASA and NOAA released versions of temperature animations showing the progression of temperature anomalies over time, which eventually paint the planet orange and red hues as recent decades show up.
NOAA found that global land and ocean surface temperatures were 0.94 degrees Celsius, or 1.69 degrees Fahrenheit, above the 20th century average, which beat the 2015 record by 0.04 degrees Celsius, or 0.07 degrees Fahrenheit, according to the Wednesday announcement. The first eight months of the year were each record warm, NOAA said.
Using independent methods, NASA found that globally-averaged surface temperatures in 2016 were 0.99 degrees Celsius, or 1.78 degrees Fahrenheit, warmer than the mid-20th century average.
NASA and NOAA differ in their base period as well as their precise methodology, which accounts for the divergent temperature findings.
What’s more, according to NOAA, not a single land area on the planet was cooler than average last year.
There’s a discrepancy over when colour was first introduced to film. It’s widely accepted that cult-classic The Wizard of Oz was certainly one of the first, but when it comes to THE first it depends on whether you’re looking for the first full-length film in natural colour or otherwise.
This video looks at how colour is one of the most effective tools in a storyteller’s arsenal. From fiery red, to the coldest blue, a great filmmaker knows just what colors to paint on the screen. Move over light and shadow, lets take the color wheel for a spin! Here are the very best uses of color in a movie ever!
It’s been a heavy year for sport. A lot has happened with many medals won, records broken and (of course) plenty of controversy. Want to see the best of it in photo form? Yeah you do…
Usain Bolt cruises to an easy win in the men’s 100-meter semifinal at the Rio Olympics.
Neymar brings home a gold medal for Brazil at the Rio Olympics.
Jonnie Peacock of Great Britain wins his second straight gold medal in the 100 meters at the Rio Paralympics.
Alexandre Loureiro/Getty Images
Iceland players lead fans in an organized celebration during their surprise run at Euro 2016.
British cyclist Chris Froome runs up a mountain at the Tour de France after an ugly crash.
Leicester celebrates winning the Premier League championship, overcoming 5,000-1 odds.
Maria Sharapova speaks at a press conference after testing positive for a banned substance.
Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images
The Brownlee brothers collapse at the finish line after winning gold and silver in the triathlon.
Fans pay tribute to the players of Brazilian team Chapecoense Real at the club’s stadium in Chapeco after 19 players were killed in a plane crash in the Colombian mountains.
Crowds gather in Muhammad Ali’s childhood neighborhood during his funeral procession.
We’re back in with the continuation of lists of 2016 thanks to BuzzFeed. However, this one might just teach you a thing or two. 2016 uncovered a lot of facts; facts that we didn’t know previous. They’re all a bit sciencey but that’s all the more reason to surprise your mates with some top knowledge.
1. Gravitational waves exist.
2. There’s an Earth-like planet just four light years away.
3. It’s possible for a computer to beat a human world champion at Go.
4. The Zika virus does indeed cause microcephaly, a medical condition in which the brain doesn’t develop properly.
5. It turns out there are actually four species of giraffe, not just one.
6. Some red squirrels in Britain carry a strain of leprosy seen in humans in the Middle Ages.
7. There’s a 54 billion cubic feet reserve of helium gas in Tanzania.
8. There’s an underwater “lost city” off a Greek island that is actually just a group of naturally-formed weirdly uniform rocks.
9. There’s a mysterious, slow-moving deep-sea shark that has been found to live for nearly 400 years.
10. Human penises might have lost their baculum, aka penis bone, when our species became monogamous.
11. The largest known prime number is 274,207,281 − 1. It’s 5 million digits longer than the previous record prime number.
12. There might be a ninth planet in our solar system, 10 times bigger than Earth and orbiting 20 times farther away than Neptune, on average.
13. Earth has got a sort of second moon (more accurately, a quasi-satellite) with the catchy name (469219) 2016 HO3.
14. Ninety-nine million years ago a little dinosaur got its tail trapped in amber, and its tail feathers were preserved.
15. Pluto’s atmosphere is more compact and cold than we previously thought.
16. And around the dwarf planet’s famous heart-shaped region, there’s a huge variety of terrains.
17. A bunch of stars went supernova close to Earth 3.2 and 1.7 million years ago.
18. The lost Philae spacecraft’s final resting place on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko is in the shadow of a boulder.
19. There is a giant planet with three suns 320 light years away.
24. Cloned animals can age healthily – four clones of the original cloned sheep, Dolly, have lived to old age with no obvious long-term health issues.
25. Dementia rates in England and Wales dropped in the two decades up to 2011.
26. The benefits of cycling in polluted cities like London outweigh the bad health effects of pollution.
27. Teaching parents new ways to interact with their autistic child can lessen the severity of the child’s symptoms.
28. Swearing is not necessarily a sign of a limited vocabulary.
29. A third of the planet’s population can’t see the Milky Way from where they live.
30. It was probably soot that killed the dinosaurs.
33. The Antarctic ozone layer is healing.
It might seem a fair way away (or maybe not in some cases) but having an idea of the salary your targeted career has is very important for some. For others, it doesn’t particularly matter, but it is always a good idea to have a handle on it.
Tech investment firm Balderton Capital published a report this month that ranked average salaries for people working in various tech positions in the UK based on data provided by startup community website AngelList. Check it out now…
15. Content creator (£39,000)
14. Designer (£49,000)
13. Frontend developer (£50,000)
12. UX/UI designer (£50,000)
Justin Sullivan/Getty Images
11. Growth hacking (£51,000)
Julie Zeveloff/Business Insider
10. Full stack developer (£52,000)
9. Mobile developer (£53,000)
8. Sales & business development (£53,000)
Chris Hondros/Getty Images
7. Account management (£53,000)
6. Full stack developer (£54,000)
5. Data scientist (£56,000)
4. Backend developer (££57,000)
Juergen Schwarz/Getty Images
3. Product manager (£57,000)
2. DevOps (£59,000)