18 Inventions By Women That Changed The World

As it’s Global Entrepreneurship Week, we thought we’d bring you an article from BuzzFeed showing you 18 inventions created by that were women!

1. The car heater

The first car heater, which directed air from over the engine to warm the chilly toes of aristocratic 19th-century motorists, was invented by Margaret A. Wilcox in 1893.

2. Monopoly

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One of the most famous board games of all time, responsible for endless hours of wholesome family fun and/or devastating family arguments, was invented by Elizabeth Magie in 1904 under the original name The Landlord’s Game.

3. The fire escape

Derek Jensen                                                                                   google.com

 This device, so vital both to public safety and the smoking habits of urban hipsters, was invented in 1887 by Anna Connelly.
4. The life raft

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 One day in 1882, Maria Beasely looked out at the sea and said, “People should, like, stop dying in huge transportation disasters.” And then she invented life rafts.
5. Residential solar heating

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Physicist and solar-power pioneer Dr. Maria Telkes teamed up with an equally badass lady, the architect Eleanor Raymond, to build the first home entirely heated by solar power in 1947.

6. The medical syringe

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 Oh, the wonders of modern medicine. In 1899, Letitia Geer invented a medical syringe that could be operated with only one hand.

7. The modern electric refrigerator

ThinkStock

8. The ice cream maker

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 Nancy Johnson invented the ice cream freezer in 1843, patenting a design which is still used to the current day, even after the advent of electric ice cream makers. Thank you, Nancy Johnson. Thank you.

9. The computer algorithm

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Ada Lovelace, whose father was Lord Byron, worked with Charles Babbage at the University of London on his plans for an “analytic engine” (i.e. old-timey computer) to develop ways to program the machine with mathematical algorithms, essentially making her “the first computer programmer”.

10. More telecommunications technology than you could shake a stick at

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The theoretical physicist Dr Shirley Jackson was the first black woman to receive a Ph.D. from MIT, in 1973. While working at Bell Laboratories, she conducted breakthrough basic scientific research that enabled others to invent the portable fax, touch tone telephone, solar cells, fiber optic cables, and the technology behind caller ID and call waiting.

11. The dishwasher

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 Saving untold marriages over the last century and a half, the dishwasher was invented by Josephine Cochrane in 1887.
12. Wireless transmissions technology

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Hedy Lamarr’s invention of a secret communications system during World War II for radio-controlling torpedoes, employing “frequency hopping” technology, laid the technological foundations for everything from Wi-Fi to GPS. She also happened to be a world-famous film star.

13. CCTV

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Marie Van Brittan Brown’s system for closed-circuit television security, patented in 1969, was intended to help people ensure their own security, as police were slow to respond to calls for help in her New York City neighbourhood. Her invention forms the basis for modern CCTV systems used for home security and police work today.

14. The paper bag as you know it

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Margaret Knight received her patent for a machine that could produce square-bottomed bags in 1871, after a long legal battle with a fellow machinist, Charles Anan, who tried to steal her work by arguing that such a brilliant invention could not possibly have been invented by a girl.

15. Central heating

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 Every time you feel grateful that you don’t have to run around your house in the winter, desperately adding fuel to each room’s individual fireplace to fight back the bitter, bitter cold, think of Alice Parker, who invented a system of gas-powered central heating in 1919.

16. Kevlar

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The chemist Stephanie Kwolek invented the super-strong Kevlar fibre, used to make bulletproof vests. Kwolek’s invention is five times stronger than steel, and also has about 200 other uses.

17. Computer software

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Dr Grace Murray Hopper, a rear admiral in the U.S. navy, was also a computer scientist who invented COBOL, “the first user-friendly business computer software program”. She was also the first person to use to term “bug” to describe a glitch in a computer system, after finding an actual moth causing trouble in her computer.

18. Beer

commons.wikimedia.org                                Harriet Williams

Oh, what’s that, bro? You’re just enjoying a bottle of delicious, super-manly beer? Guess what! Beer is totally a girl’s drink. Beer historian Jane Peyton claims that ancient Mesopotamian women were the first to develop, sell, and even drink beer.
Taken inspiration from any of these incredible women? Develop your ideas and nurture you inner-entrepreneur at The Sheffield College on a business and enterprise course. To find out more, please follow http://www.sheffcol.ac.uk/Vocational-Areas/Peter-Jones-Enterprise-Academy. 
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